Farewell to Manzanar

by James Houston & Jeanne Wakatsuki

Farewell to Manzanar
Farewell to Manzanar

Jeane's mother:

Jeane's mother seems to be a strong willed person. she doesn't take any crap from anyone. "He watched her for a moment and said he was sure he couldn't pay more than seventeen fifty for that china. she reached into the red velvet case, took out a dinner plate and hurled it at the floor right in front of his feet." Also, she is a wife who can't bear the thought of her husband being taken away. "My mother began to weep. It seems now that she wept for days." Jeane's mother is an emotional person, whether she is extremely happy, sad, serious, morose, ect. "She was a small plump woman who laughed easily and cried easily, but i had never seen her cry like this." Lastly, i think is a wonderful mother who can't stand the thought of her family apart and throughout the book will do anything to keep them together. "Mama's first concern now was to keep the family together;and once the war began, she felt safer there than isolated racially in Ocean Park."

Main Characters

Billy: Jeane's older brother who was in Papa's crew.
Woody: Jeane's older brother who was in Papa's crew.
Papa: Jeane's father who is a sailor and was in the military until the age of seventeen nearly six feet, lean, and hard and healthyskinned from the sea so he liked to give orders.
Mama: Jeane's mother
Chizu: Jeane's younger sister
Kiyo: Jeane's younger brother
May: Jeane's younger brother
Tomi: Jeane's older brother
Granny: Jeane's grandmother
Lillian: Jeane's older sister
Ray: Jeane's younger brother


1. Issei- The first generation. The Issie were born in Japan. Most of them immigrated to the United States between 1890 and 1915
2. Nisei- The Second generation, the children of the Issei. American citizens by birth, almost all Nisei were born before the Second World War.
3.Sansei- The t`hird generation of Americans with Japanese ancestry most of them born during of after the Second World War.
4. Internment Camp- A camp that all people of Japanese ancestry were sent to after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
5. Kamikaze- A member of a special corps in the Japanese air force charged with the suicidal mission of crashing an aircraft laden with explosives into an enemy target.
6. Inu- Callaborator or informer
7. Pearl Harbor- a harbor near Honolulu, on S Oahu, in Hawaii: surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. naval base and other military installations December 7, 1941.

8. Japanese National Anthem-
Kimi ga wa chiyoni
yachiyoni sa-za-re i-shi no i-wa-o to
na-ri-te ko-ke no musu made.

May thy peaceful reign last long.
May it last for thousands of years,
Until this tiny stone will grow
Into a massive rock, and the moss
Will it cover it deep and thick.

from www.Dictionary.com


"When your mother and father are having a fight, do you want them to kill each other? Or do you just want them to stop fighting?"

This quotes is said by Papa when he is being interrogated. It is his answer to the question the man asks which is "who do you want to win the war?" (the Japanese or the Americans). This quote is important because papa is considered a "inu" for being released too early from the interigation place.

I opened a window, leaned out, and yelled happily. "Hey! This whole bus is full of Wakatsukis!" page 19

This was said when Jeane first gets to Manzanar. It was the first thing said to break the silience. This is an important quote because jeane is so excited to be at Manzanar but will later relize that she is not where she wants to be.

"Woody, we can't live like this. Animals live like this." page 38

This was said to Woody by Mama while the family was fixing up their barrack. It is an important quote because it shows how Mama feels about the barrack and gives you a better idea of what living in Manzanar was like.

" The reason I want to remember this is because I know we'll never be able to do it again. " page 38

This was the last sentence of an essay written for Jeane's 7th grade Journalism Class. She writes about a past memory with her family. It described a day when they were hunting for grunion. This quote is important because Jeane shows in this essay that she knows her life will never be the same because of the war.

"Hey! how come your daughter is seventeen years old and if you put a sack over her face you couldn't tell she was Japanese from anyone else on the street?" page 177

This was said by papa to mama a little after they found out that Jeane had become queen at her school. Papa is not pleased and is angery because she is not dressed like or acting like a japanese woman. This quote is important because it shows how important the japanese culture is to papa.

Important Concepts

Authors set a tone in literature by conveying an emotion/feeling or emotions/feelings through words. The author tries to make the reader feel bad like on page7 when the FBI deputies take her father away and on page9 telling how she did not see him until a year later.

Horror and terror is a standard literary and psychological concept applied especially to Gothic literary and film. Horror is the feeling of revulsion that usually occurs after something frightening is seen, heard, or otherwise experienced, like on page76 when the mob stoned the captain at the police station because he asked them to disperse, and they started lobing tear gas bombs which broke out into a riot.


The main themes of Farewell to Manzanar, by Jeanne Wakatsuki Hustion, are how the war affected many Japanese families. The Wakatsuki being one of them went though many difficult times. After the attack on Pearl Harbor Jeanne’s father was sent to Fort Lincoln after being accused of being a spy for the Japanese military. Jeanne and the rest of her family were sent to Manzanar, a Japanese interment camp in Owens Valley. While they were in the camp they lived in very harsh conditions. Forced to live in barracks with many other Japanese people, this was a first for Jeanne. Everyone in Manzanar ate in a mess hall. This caused the family to stop eating together, which was a tradition that had been in their family for many years. When Jeanne’s father returned from Fort Lincoln he was a very different person. He was more bitter and disillusioned because of the accusation of him being disloyal. The lack of privacy and overcrowding caused tempers to shorten, also cause physical and emotional discomfort. Because of all the frustration Jeanne’s father tried to beat her mother with his cane. Jeanne spent her years at Manzanar learning important components of her life. She began to study religion, that upset her father very much, but she continued to learn. Manzanar makes Jeanne look closely at the Japanese side of her. She feels as a Japanese American, the camp isolated her from finding a balance between her American life and her Japanese life. Once she is out of Manzanar she is faced with the ethnic prejudice that surrounded that U.S. after the Seconded World War.

Critical Analasys-

This book was great. i definatly suggest it to kids my age. It will give you a better understanding of what really happened in Manzanar. The book was wonderful from the beginning to the end. My favorite part about it was that the family stuck together even though they were almost separating from eah other. The camp is something that people probably don't truely understand but by reading this book it will give us a better understanding.

A video with pictures from Manzanar-->the camp that the Japanese families were forced to live in.**